Ogawa, Yoshimi
Yokohama National University. Professor




Japanese native teachers in the Soviet era and their records

Japanese studies, which were conducted as part of the Chinese and Japanese departments during the Imperial Russia era, became independent and subdivided during the Soviet era. And it was promoted with a momentum far surpassing other Western countries. That momentum continued during World War II and even after the Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration, with tremendous results. Against the backdrop of the tense relationship between Japan and the Soviet Union at that time, the demand for Japanese studies and Japanese language education increased and became increasingly popular.  

In this presentation, I will introduce the person who taught Japanese in such a context, along with materials. Seven Japanese teachers can be confirmed at Leningrad University before the WWⅡ. This can be supported by the fact that Yasumasa Kishida, who became teacher around 1950, was called Hachidaimesan by his colleagues. Prewar teachers, after the second Nishi Tokujiro were fluent in Russian and familiar with Russian academic and social/ cultural circumstances, and most of them left their jobs in a few years. The long-term teachers were Yoshibumi Kurono, who created eight teaching materials, and “Hachidaimesan” Yasumasa Kishida.  This presentation focuses on the Soviet-era Leningrad University and introduces the activities of Japanese teachers and the characteristics of the materials such as their own records and Russian magazines in Japan.